Design of a stable floating platform for air-sea interaction measurements
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The design of an oceanographic platform can be defined as the rational specification of the platform dimensions and geometry. This specification is usually the result of an iterative process which compares the platform performance with the objectives to be reached and the logistic constraints to be met. This report describes such an exercise. The scientific objectives - measurements of heat flux at the ocean surface - are first outlined. The limits of heave and roll motion compatible with the desired measurement accuracy are then established. Given the stochastic nature of platform response, these limits are stipulated in terms of expected means. A review is then made, in some detail, of the analytical approach followed and of the computer programs used to compute the statistical expectations of buoy heave and roll response to random sea excitation. The next section of the report describes the comprehensive parametric study performed on some twenty different buoy configurations. The purpose of this study was first to investigate the dynamic response of a plausible base line design and of modified versions of the base line. A comparison of the dynamic response of these configurations could then"be made, and the good features that this comparison would reveal could be used to design the buoy prototype. Following this approach a final configuration was specified which would meet the rather severe motion requirements (0. 2 feet RMS in heave and 5. 0 degrees RMS in roll in sea state 3). The final section describes the techniques recommended to deploy and recover the 60 feet long buoy prototype.
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FASINEX Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment (January-June 1986) : summaries for FASINEX mooring cruises; phase one: R/V KNORR Cruise 119, phase three: RV/KNORR Cruise 123 Pennington, Nancy J.; Weller, Robert A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-10)The Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment (FASINEX) was a study of the response of the upper ocean to atmospheric forcing in the vicinity of an oceanic front in the subtropical convergence zone southwest of Bermuda, the ...
FASINEX Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment (January-June 1986) : cruise summaries for FASINEX phase two; R/V OCEANUS cruise 175, R/V ENDEAVOR cruise 141 Pennington, Nancy J.; Weller, Robert A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-10)The Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment (FASINEX) was a study of the response of the upper ocean to atmospheric forcing in the vicinity of an oceanic front in the subtropical convergence zone southwest of Bermuda, ...
Nelken, Haim (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-08)Several problems connected by the theme of thermal forcing are addressed herein. The main topic is the stratification and flow field resulting from imposing a specified heat flux on a fluid that is otherwise confined to ...