Carbon dynamics in the western Arctic Ocean : insights from full-depth carbon isotope profiles of DIC, DOC, and POC
Griffith, David R.
McNichol, Ann P.
McLaughlin, Fiona A.
Macdonald, Robie W.
Brown, Kristina A.
Eglinton, Timothy I.
MetadataShow full item record
Arctic warming is projected to continue throughout the coming century. Yet, our currently limited understanding of the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle hinders our ability to predict how changing conditions will affect local Arctic ecosystems, regional carbon budgets, and global climate. We present here the first set of concurrent, full-depth, dual-isotope profiles for dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and suspended particulate organic carbon (POCsusp) at two sites in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean. The carbon isotope composition of sinking and suspended POC in the Arctic contrasts strongly with open ocean Atlantic and Pacific sites, pointing to a combination of inputs to Arctic POCsusp at depth, including surface-derived organic carbon (OC), sorbed/advected OC, and OC derived from in situ DIC fixation. The latter process appears to be particularly important at intermediate depths, where mass balance calculations suggest that OC derived from in situ DIC fixation contributes up to 22% of POCsusp. As in other oceans, surface-derived OC is still a dominant source to Arctic POCsusp. Yet, we suggest that significantly smaller vertical POC fluxes in the Canada Basin make it possible to see evidence of DIC fixation in the POCsusp pool even at the bulk isotope level.
© The Author(s), 2012. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Biogeosciences 9 (2012): 1217-1224, doi:10.5194/bg-9-1217-2012.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dilling, Lisa; Doney, Scott C.; Edmonds, Jae; Gurney, Kevin R.; Harriss, Robert; Schimel, David S.; Stephens, Britton B.; Stokes, Gerald (Annual Reviews, 2003-08-14)Agriculture and industrial development have led to inadvertent changes in the natural carbon cycle. As a consequence, concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have increased in the atmosphere and may ...
Carbon isotope (δ13Ccarb) heterogeneity in deep-water Cambro-Ordovician carbonates, western Newfoundland Pruss, Sara; Castagno, Katherine; FIke, David; Hurtgen, Matthew (2015-10-09)Carbonates of western Newfoundland span the Cambro-Ordovician interval and preserve a record of slope-basinal deposition in the Cow Head Group near Cow Head. This unit consists of conglomerates and ribbon and laminated ...
Hilton, Robert G.; Galy, Valier; Gaillardet, Jerome; Dellinger, Mathieu; Bryant, Charlotte; O'Regan, Matt; Grocke, Darren R.; Coxall, Helen; Bouchez, Julien; Calmels, Damien (2015-05-12)Soils of the northern high latitudes store carbon over millennial timescales (103 yrs) and contain approximately double the carbon stock of the atmosphere1-3. Warming and associated permafrost thaw can expose soil organic ...