The centennial and millennial variability of the IndoPacific Warm Pool and the Indonesian Throughflow
Gibbons, Fern T.
MetadataShow full item record
As the only low-latitude connection between ocean basins, the Indonesian Throughflow allows the direct transmission of heat and salinity between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The Mg/Ca and δ18O of calcite of Globigerinoides ruber (G. ruber) were used to estimate the sea surface temperature (SST) and δ18O of water, an indicator of hydrologic conditions, over the past 20,000 years. I also attempted to estimate thermocline structure using Pulleniatina obliquiloculata, but the Mg/Ca and δ18O of calcite data yield conflicting interpretations, indicating further work on this proxy is required. The G. ruber Mg/Ca results suggest that the SST of the outflow passages were influenced by high latitude Southern Hemisphere temperature. At approximately 10,000 years before present, there was a warming in the Makassar Strait. This local warming was coincident with the flooding of the Sunda Shelf, which opened a connection between the South China Sea and the Indonesian Throughflow. Regional δ18O of seawater reconstructions suggest that the mean position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) was approximately the same as modern at the last glacial maximum and was displaced to the south during the Younger Dryas and Heinrich Stadial 1, suggesting the ITCZ responds to changes in the interhemispheric temperature gradient.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution February 2012
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Inferring ocean circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum and last deglaciation using data and models Amrhein, Daniel E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-09)Since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ~ 20,000 years ago) air temperatures warmed, sea level rose roughly 130 meters, and atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide increased. This thesis combines global models and ...
Involvement of Cytochrome P450 1A in the toxicity of aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists : alteration arachidonic acid metabolism and production of reactive oxygen species Schlezinger, Jennifer J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-08)Two cytochrome P4501A-dependent mechanisms of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist toxicity were examined in the marine teleost scup (Stenotomus chrysops), alteration of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and production ...
Characterization of air-sea gas exchange processes and dissolved gas/ice interactions using noble gases Hood, Eda M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-09)In order to constrain the processes controlling the cycles of biogeochemically important gases such as 02 and C02, and thereby infer rates of biological activity in the upper ocean or the uptake of radiatively important ...