Holocene aridification of India
Data Set S1: Measured values for stable oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera G. ruber and for the stable carbon isotopic composition of n-alkanoic acids. (44.5Kb)
Eglinton, Timothy I.
Fuller, Dorian Q.
Johnson, Joel E.
Collett, Timothy S.
MetadataShow full item record
Spanning a latitudinal range typical for deserts, the Indian peninsula is fertile instead and sustains over a billion people through monsoonal rains. Despite the strong link between climate and society, our knowledge of the long-term monsoon variability is incomplete over the Indian subcontinent. Here we reconstruct the Holocene paleoclimate in the core monsoon zone (CMZ) of the Indian peninsula using a sediment core recovered offshore from the mouth of Godavari River. Carbon isotopes of sedimentary leaf waxes provide an integrated and regionally extensive record of the flora in the CMZ and document a gradual increase in aridity-adapted vegetation from ~4,000 until 1,700 years ago followed by the persistence of aridity-adapted plants after that. The oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber detects unprecedented high salinity events in the Bay of Bengal over the last 3,000 years, and especially after 1,700 years ago, which suggest that the CMZ aridification intensified in the late Holocene through a series of sub-millennial dry episodes. Cultural changes occurred across the Indian subcontinent as the climate became more arid after ~4,000 years. Sedentary agriculture took hold in the drying central and south India, while the urban Harappan civilization collapsed in the already arid Indus basin. The establishment of a more variable hydroclimate over the last ca. 1,700 years may have led to the rapid proliferation of water-conservation technology in south India.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Geophysical Research Letters 39 (2012): L03704, doi:10.1029/2011GL050722.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Terrigenous plant wax inputs to the Arabian Sea : implications for the reconstruction of winds associated with the Indian Monsoon Dahl, Kristina A.; Oppo, Delia W.; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Curry, William B.; Sirocko, Frank (2005-01-04)We have determined the accumulation rates and carbon isotopic compositions (δ13C) of long-chain (C24–C32) terrigenous plant wax fatty acids in 19 surface sediment samples geographically distributed throughout the Arabian ...
Regime-dependent nonstationary relationship between the East Asian winter monsoon and North Pacific Oscillation Pak, Gyundo; Park, Young-Hyang; Vivier, Frederic; Kwon, Young-Oh; Chang, Kyung-Il (American Meteorological Society, 2014-11-01)The East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) and the North Pacific Oscillation (NPO) constitute two outstanding surface atmospheric circulation patterns affecting the winter sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the western ...
Monsoon hydrography and productivity changes in the East China Sea during the past 100,000 years : Okinawa Trough evidence (MD012404) Chang, Yuan-Pin; Chen, Min-Te; Yokoyama, Yusuke; Matsuzaki, Hiroyuki; Thompson, William G.; Kao, Shuh-Ji; Kawahata, Hodaka (American Geophysical Union, 2009-08-29)We analyzed the high-resolution foraminifer isotope records, total organic carbon (TOC), and opal content from an Okinawa Trough core MD012404 in order to estimate the monsoon hydrography and productivity changes in the ...