WHOI biological oceanographers study the biology of individual marine organisms, their spatial and temporal distributions, and how they interact both with their surrounding environment and with each other.

Recent Submissions

  • Coping with copepods: do right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) forage visually in dark waters? 

    Cronin, Thomas W.; Fasick, Jeffry I.; Schweikert, Lorian E.; Johnsen, Sonke; Kezmoh, Lorren J.; Baumgartner, Mark F. (2017-02)
    North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) feed during the spring and early summer in marine waters off the northeast coast of North America. Their food primarily consists of planktonic copepods, Calanus finmarchicus, ...
  • Marine dispersal scales are congruent over evolutionary and ecological time 

    Pinsky, Malin L.; Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo; Salles, Océane C.; Almany, Glenn R.; Bode, Michael; Berumen, Michael L.; Andrefouet, Serge; Thorrold, Simon R.; Jones, Geoffrey P.; Planes, Serge (2016-10)
    The degree to which offspring remain near their parents or disperse widely is critical for understanding population dynamics, evolution, and biogeography, and for designing conservation actions. In the ocean, most estimates ...
  • Response to ‘On the importance of understanding physiology when estimating energetics in cetaceans’ 

    Fahlman, Andreas; van der Hoop, Julie; Moore, Michael J.; Levine, Gregg; Rocho-Levine, Julie; Brodsky, Micah (Company of Biologists, 2017-02-15)
    We are grateful for the interest in our paper by two eminent physiologists and hope this response to their comments will clarify the objectives of our paper. The analysis in Fahlman et al. (2016) was not intended to provide ...
  • Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice 

    Assmy, Philipp; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Randelhoff, Achim; Mundy, Christopher J.; Olsen, Lasse M.; Kauko, Hanna Maria; Bailey, Allison; Chierici, Melissa; Cohen, Lana; Doulgeris, Anthony P.; Ehn, Jens K.; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Hop, Haakon; Hudson, Stephen R.; Hughes, Nick; Itkin, Polona; Johnsen, Geir; King, Jennifer A.; Koch, Boris P.; Koenig, Zoe; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Laney, Samuel R.; Nicolaus, Marcel; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Polashenski, Christopher M.; Provost, Christine; Rösel, Anja; Sandbu, Marthe; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Sundfjord, Arild; Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Jozef; Wagner, Penelope M.; Wold, Anette; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Nature Publishig Group, 2019-01-19)
    The Arctic icescape is rapidly transforming from a thicker multiyear ice cover to a thinner and largely seasonal first-year ice cover with significant consequences for Arctic primary production. One critical challenge is ...
  • Life cycle of the suctorian ciliate Ephelota plana attached to the krill Euphausia pacifica 

    Endo, Yoshinari; Fujii, Daiki; Nishitani, Goh; Wiebe, Peter (2016-11)
    The hypothesis that life cycle of an epibiotic suctorian ciliate Ephelota plana is adapted to the molt cycle of the krill Euphausia pacifica collected in Saanich Inlet, Canada was evaluated. The infestation prevalence of ...
  • Mesoscale variability in intact and ghost colonies of Phaeocystis antarctica in the Ross Sea : distribution and abundance 

    Smith, Walker O.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Olson, Elise M. B.; Kosnyrev, Valery; Peacock, Emily E.; Sosik, Heidi M. (2016-05)
    Phaeocystis, a genus with a cosmopolitan distribution and a polymorphic life cycle, was observed during summer in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, where large blooms of this haptophyte regularly occur. The mesoscale vertical and ...
  • An introduction and overview of the Bering Sea Project : volume IV 

    Van Pelt, Thomas I.; Napp, Jeffrey M.; Ashjian, Carin J.; Harvey, H. Rodger; Lomas, Michael W.; Sigler, Michael F.; Stabeno, Phyllis J. (2016-08-18)
    The seasonal rhythm of sea-ice advance and retreat in the eastern Bering Sea (EBS) moves ice hundreds of kilometers across the broad continental shelf and exerts a powerful influence on the ecology of these waters. In ...
  • Coral reef soundscapes : spatiotemporal variability and links to species assemblages 

    Kaplan, Maxwell B. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    Coral reefs are biodiverse ecosystems that are at risk of degradation as a result of environmental changes. Reefs are constantly in a state of flux: the resident species assemblages vary considerably in space and time. ...
  • The genetic diversity of Mesodinium and associated cryptophytes 

    Johnson, Matthew D.; Beaudoin, David J.; Laza-Martinez, Aitor; Dyhrman, Sonya T.; Fensin, Elizabeth; Lin, Senjie; Merculief, Aaron; Nagai, Satoshi; Pompeu, Mayza; Setala, Outi; Stoecker, Diane K. (Frontiers Media, 2016-12-20)
    Ciliates from the genus Mesodinium are globally distributed in marine and freshwater ecosystems and may possess either heterotrophic or mixotrophic nutritional modes. Members of the Mesodinium major/rubrum species complex ...
  • ASIRI : an ocean–atmosphere initiative for Bay of Bengal 

    Wijesekera, Hemantha W.; Shroyer, Emily L.; Tandon, Amit; Ravichandran, M.; Sengupta, Debasis; Jinadasa, S. U. P.; Fernando, Harindra J. S.; Agrawal, Neeraj; Arulananthan, India K.; Bhat, G. S.; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Buckley, Jared; Centurioni, Luca R.; Conry, Patrick; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gordon, Arnold L.; Hormann, Verena; Jarosz, Ewa; Jensen, Tommy G.; Johnston, T. M. Shaun; Lankhorst, Matthias; Lee, Craig M.; Leo, Laura S.; Lozovatsky, Iossif; Lucas, Andrew J.; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Mahadevan, Amala; Nash, Jonathan D.; Omand, Melissa M.; Pham, Hieu; Pinkel, Robert; Rainville, Luc; Ramachandran, Sanjiv; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Sarkar, Sutanu; Send, Uwe; Sharma, Rashmi; Simmons, Harper L.; Stafford, Kathleen M.; St. Laurent, Louis C.; Venayagamoorthy, S. Karan; Venkatesan, Ramasamy; Teague, William J.; Wang, David W.; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Weller, Robert A.; Whalen, Caitlin B. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-11-22)
    Air–Sea Interactions in the Northern Indian Ocean (ASIRI) is an international research effort (2013–17) aimed at understanding and quantifying coupled atmosphere–ocean dynamics of the Bay of Bengal (BoB) with relevance to ...
  • Exploring the oxygen and carbon isotopic composition of the Mediterranean red coral (Corallium rubrum) for seawater temperature reconstruction 

    Chaabane, Sonia; Lopez Correa, Matthias; Montagna, Paolo; Kallel, Nejib; Taviani, Marco; Linares, Cristina; Ziveri, Patrizia (2016-07)
    Here we provide first evidence that the stable oxygen and carbon isotopic composition (δ18O, δ13C) of the high-magnesium calcite skeleton red coral Corallium rubrum can be used as a reliable seawater temperature proxy. ...
  • The liver transcriptome of suckermouth armoured catfish (Pterygoplichthys anisitsi, Loricariidae) : identification of expansions in defensome gene families 

    Parente, Thiago; Moreira, Daniel A.; Magalhaes, Maithê G. P.; de Andrade, Paula C. C.; Furtado, Carolina; Haas, Brian J.; Stegeman, John J.; Hahn, Mark E. (2016-12)
    Pterygoplichthys is a genus of related suckermouth armoured catfish native to South America that has invaded tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Physiological features, including an augmented resistance to organic ...
  • Singing whales generate high levels of particle motion : implications for acoustic communication and hearing? 

    Mooney, T. Aran; Kaplan, Maxwell B.; Lammers, Marc O. (2016-10)
    Acoustic signals are fundamental to animal communication and cetaceans are often considered bioacoustic specialists. Nearly all studies of their acoustic communication focus on sound pressure measurements, overlooking ...
  • Photogrammetry of blue whales with an unmanned hexacopter 

    Durban, John W.; Moore, Michael J.; Chiang, Gustavo; Hickmott, Leigh S.; Bocconcelli, Alessandro; Howes, Gloria; Bahamonde, Paulina A.; Perryman, Wayne L.; LeRoi, Donald J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-05-06)
    Baleen whales are the largest animals ever to live on earth, and many populations were hunted close to extinction in the 20th century (Clapham et al. 1999). Their recovery is now a key international conservation goal, ...
  • The Matamek research program : annual report for 1983 

    Naiman, Robert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-07)
    This report summarizes activities associated with the Institution's Matamek Research Station during 1983. Research was conducted on the biological, chemical and physical environment of streams and rivers, principally in ...
  • The extraordinary longevity of kleptoplasts derived from the Ross Sea haptophyte Phaeocystis antarctica within dinoflagellate host cells relates to the diminished role of the oxygen-evolving Photosystem II and to supplementary light harvesting by mycosporine-like amino acid/s 

    Stamatakis, Kostas; Vayenos, Dimitris; Kotakis, Christos; Gast, Rebecca J.; Papageorgiou, George C. (2016-12)
    The haptophyte Phaeocystis antarctica and the novel Ross Sea dinoflagellate that hosts kleptoplasts derived from P. antarctica (RSD; R.J. Gast et al., 2006, J. Phycol. 42 233–242) were compared for photosynthetic light ...
  • Grounding-zone wedges and mega-scale glacial lineations in the Mertz Trough, East Antarctica 

    McMullen, Kate; Domack, Eugene; Leventer, Amy; Lavoie, Caroline; Canals, Miquel (2016-11)
    Glacial erosion and deposition have shaped the Mertz Trough, East Antarctica, where seafloor grounding-zone wedges (GZWs) are associated with mega-scale glacial lineations (MSGLs) (McMullen et al. 2006). GZWs form along ...
  • The genomic landscape of rapid repeated evolutionary adaptation to toxic pollution in wild fish 

    Reid, Noah M.; Proestou, Dina A.; Clark, Bryan W.; Warren, Wesley C.; Colbourne, John K.; Shaw, Joseph R.; Karchner, Sibel I.; Hahn, Mark E.; Nacci, Diane E.; Oleksiak, Marjorie F.; Crawford, Douglas L.; Whitehead, Andrew (2016-10)
    Atlantic killifish populations have rapidly adapted to normally lethal levels of pollution in four urban estuaries. Through analysis of 384 whole killifish genome sequences and comparative transcriptomics in four pairs ...
  • Predicting interactions between common dolphins and the pole-and-line tuna fishery in the Azores 

    Cruz, Maria João; Menezes, Gui; Machete, Miguel; Silva, Monica A. (Public Library of Science, 2016-11-16)
    Common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) are responsible for the large majority of interactions with the pole-and-line tuna fishery in the Azores but the underlying drivers remain poorly understood. In this study we investigate ...

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