Duration and severity of Medieval drought in the Lake Tahoe Basin
Kleppe, J. A.
Brothers, Daniel S.
Kent, Graham M.
Driscoll, Neal W.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordMedieval climatic anomaly; Sidescan sonar; Holocene; Dendrochronology; Drought; Fallen Leaf Lake
Droughts in the western U.S. in the past 200 years are small compared to several megadroughts that occurred during Medieval times. We reconstruct duration and magnitude of extreme droughts in the northern Sierra Nevada from hydroclimatic conditions in Fallen Leaf Lake, California. Stands of submerged trees rooted in situ below the lake surface were imaged with sidescan sonar and radiocarbon analysis yields an age estimate of ∼1250 AD. Tree-ring records and submerged paleoshoreline geomorphology suggest a Medieval low-stand of Fallen Leaf Lake lasted more than 220 years. Over eighty more trees were found lying on the lake floor at various elevations above the paleoshoreline. Water-balance calculations suggest annual precipitation was less than 60% normal from late 10th century to early 13th century AD. Hence, the lake’s shoreline dropped 40–60 m below its modern elevation. Stands of pre-Medieval trees in this lake and in Lake Tahoe suggest the region experienced severe drought at least every 650–1150 years during the mid- and late-Holocene. These observations quantify paleo-precipitation and recurrence of prolonged drought in the northern Sierra Nevada.
This paper is not subject to U.S. copyright. The definitive version was published in Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (2011): 3269-3279, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.08.015.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hernandez, Manuel; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Anchukaitis, Kevin J. (IOP Science, 2015-07-17)Spatially extensive and persistent drought episodes have repeatedly influenced human history, including the 'Strange Parallels' drought event in monsoon Asia during the mid-18th century. Here we explore the dynamics of ...
Rocha, Adrian V.; Goulden, Michael L. (American Geophysical Union, 2010-09-30)Experimental manipulations provide a powerful tool for understanding an ecosystem's response to environmental perturbation. We combined paired eddy covariance towers with an experimental manipulation of water availability ...
Newby, Paige E.; Shuman, Bryan N.; Donnelly, Jeffrey P.; MacDonald, Dana (2010-02)Sediment and ground-penetrating radar data from Davis Pond near the Hudson River valley reveal past droughts in a historically humid region that presently supplies water to millions of people in and around New York City. ...