To be seen or to hide : visual characteristics of body patterns for camouflage and communication in the Australian giant cuttlefish Sepia apama
How, M. J.
Hanlon, Roger T.
Marshall, N. J.
MetadataShow full item record
It might seem obvious that a camouflaged animal must generally match its background whereas to be conspicuous an organism must differ from the background. However, the image parameters (or statistics) that evaluate the conspicuousness of patterns and textures are seldom well defined, and animal coloration patterns are rarely compared quantitatively with their respective backgrounds. Here we examine this issue in the Australian giant cuttlefish Sepia apama. We confine our analysis to the best-known and simplest image statistic, the correlation in intensity between neighboring pixels. Sepia apama can rapidly change their body patterns from assumed conspicuous signaling to assumed camouflage, thus providing an excellent and unique opportunity to investigate how such patterns differ in a single visual habitat. We describe the intensity variance and spatial frequency power spectra of these differing body patterns and compare these patterns with the backgrounds against which they are viewed. The measured image statistics of camouflaged animals closely resemble their backgrounds, while signaling animals differ significantly from their backgrounds. Our findings may provide the basis for a set of general rules for crypsis and signals. Furthermore, our methods may be widely applicable to the quantitative study of animal coloration.
Author Posting. © University of Chicago, 2011. This article is posted here by permission of University of Chicago for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in American Naturalist 177 (2011): 681-690, doi:10.1086/659626.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Changeable camouflage : how well can flounder resemble the colour and spatial scale of substrates in their natural habitats? Akkaynak, Derya; Siemann, Liese A.; Barbosa, Alexandra; Mathger, Lydia M. (Royal Society, 2017-03-08)Flounder change colour and pattern for camouflage. We used a spectrometer to measure reflectance spectra and a digital camera to capture body patterns of two flounder species camouflaged on four natural backgrounds of ...
Hanlon, Roger T.; Naud, Marie-Jose; Forsythe, John W.; Hall, Karina; Watson, Anya C.; McKechnie, Joy (University of Chicago Press, 2007-02-12)Cephalopods are well known for their diverse, quick‐changing camouflage in a wide range of shallow habitats worldwide. However, there is no documentation that cephalopods use their diverse camouflage repertoire at night. ...
Ulmer, Kevin M.; Buresch, Kendra C.; Kossodo, M. M.; Mathger, Lydia M.; Siemann, Liese A.; Hanlon, Roger T. (Marine Biological Laboratory, 2013-04)Cuttlefish and other cephalopods use visual cues from their surroundings to adaptively change their body pattern for camouflage. Numerous previous experiments have demonstrated the influence of two-dimensional (2D) substrates ...