The remarkable squidworm is an example of discoveries that await in deep-pelagic habitats
Osborn, Karen J.
Madin, Laurence P.
Rouse, Greg W.
MetadataShow full item record
An intriguing new annelid, Teuthidodrilus samae (Annelida, Cirratuliformia) gen. and sp. nov., was observed and collected during deep water column exploration of the western Celebes Sea. The Celebes Sea is a deep pocket basin, effectively isolated from surrounding deep water, and is part of the Coral Triangle, a focal area for conservation because of its high diversity and unique geological history. Collected specimens reached 94 mm in length and possessed 10 anterior appendages that were as long or longer than the body. Two characters distinguish T. samae from other polychaetes: notochaetae forming broad, concavo-convex paddles, and six pairs of free-standing, oppositely branched nuchal organs. Phylogenetic analysis of five genes and a 29 character morphological matrix showed that T. samae is an acrocirrid (primarily benthic polychaetes) belonging to the morphologically diverse swimming clade. Pelagic animals within primarily benthic clades are of particular interest in evolutionary biology, because their adaptations to life in the water column inform us of the evolutionary possibilities and constraints within the clade and indirectly of the selective pressures at work in this unfamiliar habitat. This new genus illustrates how much we have to learn about even the large, abundant inhabitants of deep-pelagic communities.
Author Posting. © The Authors, 2010. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Royal Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Biology Letters 7 (2011): 449-453, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.0923.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A qualitative and quantitative study of the distribution of pelagic sediment in the Atlantic Basin Webb, Helen F. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-02)Pelagic sedimentation is the primary modifier of topography generated by ridge-associated volcanic and tectonic processes. This thesis represents an effort to understand the processes of, and the general distribution of, ...
Food habits of Sowerby’s beaked whales (Mesoplodon bidens) taken in the pelagic drift gillnet fishery of the western North Atlantic Wenzel, Frederick W.; Polloni, Pamela T.; Craddock, James E.; Gannon, Damon P.; Nicolas, John R.; Read, Andrew J.; Rosel, Patricia E. (National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 2013-08)We describe the food habits of the Sowerby’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bidens) from observations of 10 individuals taken as bycatch in the pelagic drift gillnet fishery for Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the western ...
Braun, Camrin D.; Skomal, Gregory B.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Berumen, Michael L. (Public Library of Science, 2014-02-06)Recent successful efforts to increase protection for manta rays has highlighted the lack of basic ecological information, including vertical and horizontal movement patterns, available for these species. We deployed pop-up ...