Tomographic measurements of barotropic motions
Bushong, Paul J.
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LocationNorth Pacific Ocean
In 1983, continuous acoustic transmissions centered at 133 Hz and with a resolution of 60 ms were transmitted for five days from Oahu to the coast of Northern California (4000 km range). A maximum likelihood estimate of the change in acoustic travel time (based on phase) between received pulses is used to estimate barotropic fluctilations. Analysis of the resulting time series reveals resonant oscillations at nontidal frequencies in the Northeast Pacific. Some of the periods of the resonant oscillations are consistent with theory (Platzman, Curtis, Hansen, and Slater, 1981). A Wiener filter is formulated for estimating the barotropic tides from a basin scale tomographic array. Error analyses indicate an ability to estimate barotropic currents and surface displacements with errors less than 0.01 cm/s and 1 cm, respectively, over a large portion of the Northeast Pacific.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Ocean Engineer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution August 1987
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