Sinking deltas due to human activities
Syvitski, James P. M.
Kettner, Albert J.
Hutton, Eric W. H.
Hannon, Mark T.
Brakenridge, G. Robert
Vorosmarty, Charles J.
Nicholls, Robert J.
MetadataShow full item record
The world’s population living on low-lying deltas is increasingly vulnerable to flooding, whether from intense rainfall, rivers or from hurricane-induced storm surges. High-resolution SRTM and MODIS satellite data along with geo-referenced historical map analysis allows quantification of the extent of low-lying delta areas and the role of humans in contributing to their vulnerability. Thirty-three major deltas collectively include ~26,000 km2 of area below local mean sea level and ~96,000 km2 of vulnerable area below 2 m a.s.l. The vulnerable areas may increase by 50% under projected 21st Century eustatic sea level rise, a conservative estimate given the current trends in the reduction in sedimentary deposits forming on the surface of these deltas. Analysis of river sediment load and delta topographical data show that these densely populated, intensively farmed landforms, that often host key economic structures, have been destabilized by human-induced accelerated sediment compaction from water, oil and gas mining, by reduction of incoming sediment from upstream dams and reservoirs, and from floodplain engineering.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2009. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Nature Publishing Group for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Nature Geoscience 2 (2009): 681-686, doi:10.1038/ngeo629.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Minimum information about a marker gene sequence (MIMARKS) and minimum information about any (x) sequence (MIxS) specifications Yilmaz, Pelin; Kottmann, Renzo; Field, Dawn; Knight, Rob; Cole, James R.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Johnston, Anjanette; Cochrane, Guy R.; Vaughan, Robert; Hunter, Christopher; Park, Joonhong; Morrison, Norman; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sterk, Peter; Arumugam, Manimozhiyan; Bailey, Mark; Baumgartner, Laura; Birren, Bruce W.; Blaser, Martin J.; Bonazzi, Vivien; Booth, Tim; Bork, Peer; Bushman, Frederic D.; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Chain, Patrick S. G.; Charlson, Emily; Costello, Elizabeth K.; Huot-Creasy, Heather; Dawyndt, Peter; DeSantis, Todd; Fierer, Noah; Fuhrman, Jed A.; Gallery, Rachel E.; Gevers, Dirk; Gibbs, Richard A.; San Gil, Inigo; Gonzalez, Antonio; Gordon, Jeffrey I.; Guralnick, Robert P.; Hankeln, Wolfgang; Highlander, Sarah; Hugenholtz, Philip; Jansson, Janet K.; Kau, Andrew L.; Kelley, Scott T.; Kennedy, Jerry; Knights, Dan; Koren, Omry; Kuczynski, Justin; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Larsen, Robert; Lauber, Christian L.; Legg, Teresa; Ley, Ruth E.; Lozupone, Catherine A.; Ludwig, Wolfgang; Lyons, Donna; Maguire, Eamonn; Methe, Barbara A.; Meyer, Folker; Muegge, Brian; Nakielny, Sara; Nelson, Karen E.; Nemergut, Diana; Neufeld, Josh D.; Newbold, Lindsay K.; Oliver, Anna E.; Pace, Norman R.; Palanisamy, Giriprakash; Peplies, Jorg; Petrosino, Joseph; Proctor, Lita; Pruesse, Elmar; Quast, Christian; Raes, Jeroen; Ratnasingham, Sujeevan; Ravel, Jacques; Relman, David A.; Assunta-Sansone, Susanna; Schloss, Patrick D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sinha, Rohini; Smith, Michelle I.; Sodergren, Erica; Spor, Ayme; Stombaugh, Jesse; Tiedje, James M.; Ward, Doyle V.; Weinstock, George M.; Wendel, Doug; White, Owen; Whiteley, Andrew; Wilke, Andreas; Wortman, Jennifer R.; Yatsunenko, Tanya; Glockner, Frank Oliver (2011-01-04)Here we present a standard developed by the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) to describe marker gene sequences—the minimum information about a marker gene sequence (MIMARKS). We also introduce a system for describing the ...
McClelland, James W.; Holmes, Robert M.; Peterson, Bruce J.; Raymond, Peter A.; Striegl, Robert; Zhulidov, Alexander V.; Zimov, Sergey; Zimov, Nikita; Tank, Suzanne E.; Spencer, Robert G. M.; Staples, Robin; Gurtovaya, Tatiana Y.; Griffin, Claire G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-05-11)Northern rivers connect a land area of approximately 20.5 million km2 to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas. These rivers account for ~10% of global river discharge and transport massive quantities of dissolved and ...
Knecht, Robert W.; Cicin-Sain, Biliana; Broadus, James M.; Silva, Maynard E.; Bowen, Robert E.; Marcus, Henry S.; Peterson, Susan B. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-06)This report summarizes the results of an 18-month study of coastal and marine resources development in Colombia. The study was a result of a request by the Direccion General Maritima y Portuaria (DIMAR) of the Colombian ...