Propagation of narrow-band-high-frequency clicks : measured and modeled transmission loss of porpoise-like clicks in porpoise habitats
DeRuiter, Stacy L.
Koopman, Heather N.
Westgate, Andrew J.
Tyack, Peter L.
Madsen, Peter T.
MetadataShow full item record
Estimating the range at which harbor porpoises can detect prey items and environmental objects is integral to understanding their biosonar. Understanding the ranges at which they can use echolocation to detect and avoid obstacles is particularly important for strategies to reduce bycatch. Transmission loss (TL) during acoustic propagation is an important determinant of those detection ranges, and it also influences animal detection functions used in passive acoustic monitoring. However, common assumptions regarding TL have rarely been tested. Here, TL of synthetic porpoise clicks was measured in porpoise habitats in Canada and Denmark, and field data were compared with spherical spreading law and ray-trace (Bellhop) model predictions. Both models matched mean observations quite well in most cases, indicating that a spherical spreading law can usually provide an accurate first-order estimate of TL for porpoise sounds in porpoise habitat. However, TL varied significantly (±10 dB) between sites and over time in response to variability in seafloor characteristics, sound-speed profiles, and other short-timescale environmental fluctuations. Such variability should be taken into account in estimates of the ranges at which porpoises can communicate acoustically, detect echolocation targets, and be detected via passive acoustic monitoring.
Author Posting. © Acoustical Society of America, 2010. This article is posted here by permission of Acoustical Society of America for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 127 (2010): 560-567, doi:10.1121/1.3257203.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Low-frequency components in harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) clicks : communication signal, by-products, or artifacts? Hansen, Michael; Wahlberg, Magnus; Madsen, Peter T. (Acoustical Society of America, 2008-12)Underwater sound signals for biosonar and communication normally have different source properties to serve the purposes of generating efficient acoustic backscatter from small objects or conveying information to conspecifics. ...
Stephen, Ralph A.; Bolmer, S. Thompson; Udovydchenkov, Ilya A.; Worcester, Peter F.; Dzieciuch, Matthew A.; Andrew, Rex K.; Mercer, James A.; Colosi, John A.; Howe, Bruce M. (Acoustical Society of America, 2013-10)Ocean bottom seismometer observations at 5000 m depth during the long-range ocean acoustic propagation experiment in the North Pacific in 2004 show robust, coherent, late arrivals that are not readily explained by ocean ...
Udovydchenkov, Ilya A.; Stephen, Ralph A.; Duda, Timothy F.; Bolmer, S. Thompson; Worcester, Peter F.; Dzieciuch, Matthew A.; Mercer, James A.; Andrew, Rex K.; Howe, Bruce M. (Acoustical Society of America, 2012-10)Data collected during the 2004 Long-range Ocean Acoustic Propagation Experiment provide absolute intensities and travel times of acoustic pulses at ranges varying from 50 to 3200 km. In this paper a subset of these data ...