Evidence of resource partitioning between humpback and minke whales around the western Antarctic Peninsula
Friedlaender, Ari S.
Lawson, Gareth L.
Halpin, Patrick N.
MetadataShow full item record
For closely related sympatric species to coexist, they must differ to some degree in their ecological requirements or niches (e.g., diets) to avoid inter-specific competition. Baleen whales in the Antarctic feed primarily on krill, and the large sympatric pre-whaling community suggests resource partitioning among these species or a non-limiting prey resource. In order to examine ecological differences between sympatric humpback and minke whales around the Western Antarctic Peninsula, we made measurements of the physical environment, observations of whale distribution, and concurrent acoustic measurements of krill aggregations. Mantel’s tests and Classification and regression tree models indicate both similarities and differences in the spatial associations between humpback and minke whales, environmental features, and prey. The data suggest (1) similarities (proximity to shore) and differences (prey abundance versus deep water temperatures) in horizontal spatial distribution patterns, (2) unambiguous vertical resource partitioning with minke whales associating with deeper krill aggregations across a range of spatial scales, and (3) that interference competition between these two species is unlikely. These results add to the paucity of ecological knowledge relating baleen whales and their prey in the Antarctic and should be considered in conservation and management efforts for Southern Ocean cetaceans and ecosystems.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2009. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of John Wiley & Sons for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Marine Mammal Science 25 (2009): 402-415, doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2008.00263.x.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Whale call data for the North Pacific : November 1995 through July 1999 occurrence of calling whales and source locations from SOSUS and other acoustic systems Watkins, William A.; George, Joseph E.; Daher, Mary Ann; Mullin, Kristina; Martin, Darel L.; Haga, Scott H.; DiMarzio, Nancy A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-02)Calls of blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus), fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus), and humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) were identified in the data from U.S. Navy Sound Surveilance System (SOSUS) and other hydrophone ...
Parks, Susan E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2003-09)The focus of this thesis is the use of sound for communication by the North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis). The surface active group (SAG) is the predominant social interaction in this species for which use ...
Mehta, Amee V.; Allen, Judith M.; Constantine, Rochelle; Garrigue, Claire; Jann, Beatrice; Jenner, Curt; Marx, Marilyn K.; Matkin, Craig O.; Mattila, David K.; Minton, Gianna; Mizroch, Sally A.; Olavarría, Carlos; Robbins, Jooke; Russell, Kirsty G.; Seton, Rosemary E.; Steiger, Gretchen H.; Víkingsson, Gísli A.; Wade, Paul R.; Witteveen, Briana H.; Clapham, Phillip J. (Inter-Research, 2007-10-25)Certain populations of killer whales Orcinus orca feed primarily or exclusively on marine mammals. However, whether or not baleen whales represent an important prey source for killer whales is debatable. A hypothesis by ...