Now showing items 1-10 of 51
Intentional versus unintentional nitrogen use in the United States : trends, efficiency and implications
Human actions have both intentionally and unintentionally altered the global economy of nitrogen (N), with both positive and negative consequences for human health and welfare, the environment and climate change. Here we ...
Methane fluxes between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere at northern high latitudes during the past century : a retrospective analysis with a process-based biogeochemistry model
(American Geophysical Union, 2008-08-18)
We develop and use a new version of the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) to study how rates of methane (CH4) emissions and consumption in high-latitude soils of the Northern Hemisphere have changed over the past century ...
Correction to “Importance of carbon-nitrogen interactions and ozone on ecosystem hydrology during the 21st century”
(American Geophysical Union, 2009-08-22)
Long-term warming alters carbohydrate degradation potential in temperate forest soils
(American Society for Microbiology, 2016-09-02)
As Earth's climate warms, soil carbon pools and the microbial communities that process them may change, altering the way in which carbon is recycled in soil. In this study, we used a combination of metagenomics and bacterial ...
Adjustment of forest ecosystem root respiration as temperature warms
Adjustment of ecosystem root respiration to warmer climatic conditions can alter the autotrophic portion of soil respiration and influence the amount of carbon available for biomass production. We examined 44 published ...
Effects of ozone on net primary production and carbon sequestration in the conterminous United States using a biogeochemistry model
The effects of air pollution on vegetation may provide an important control on the carbon cycle that has not yet been widely considered. Prolonged exposure to high levels of ozone, in particular, has been observed to ...
Long-term forest soil warming alters microbial communities in temperate forest soils
(Frontiers Media, 2015-02-13)
Soil microbes are major drivers of soil carbon cycling, yet we lack an understanding of how climate warming will affect microbial communities. Three ongoing field studies at the Harvard Forest Long-term Ecological Research ...
Pattern and variation of C:N:P ratios in China’s soils : a synthesis of observational data
Inspired by previous studies that have indicated consistent or even well-constrained relationships among carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in soils, we have endeavored to explore general soil C:N:P ratios in ...
Decreased mass specific respiration under experimental warming is robust to the microbial biomass method employed
Hartley et al. question whether reduction in Rmass, under experimental warming, arises because of the biomass method. We show the method they treat as independent yields the same result. We describe why the substrate-depletion ...
CO2 and CH4 exchanges between land ecosystems and the atmosphere in northern high latitudes over the 21st century
(American Geophysical Union, 2006-09-15)
Terrestrial ecosystems of the northern high latitudes (above 50oN) exchange large amounts of CO2 and CH4 with the atmosphere each year. Here we use a process-based model to estimate the budget of CO2 and CH4 of the region ...