Impact of intentionally injected carbon dioxide hydrate on deep-sea benthic foraminiferal survival
Bernhard, Joan M.
Barry, James P.
Buck, Kurt R.
Starczak, Victoria R.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordCarbon dioxide sequestration; CO2 injection; Climate change; Foraminifera; Experiment; Hypercapnia; Meiofauna; Monterey Bay; Ocean acidification; Protist
Sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the ocean is being considered as a feasible mechanism to mitigate the alarming rate in its atmospheric rise. Little is known, however, about how the resulting hypercapnia and ocean acidification may affect marine fauna. In an effort to understand better the protistan reaction to such an environmental perturbation, the survivorship of benthic foraminifera, which is a prevalent group of protists, was studied in response to deep-sea CO2 release. The survival response of calcareous, agglutinated, and thecate foraminifera was determined in two experiments at ~3.1 and 3.3 km water depth in Monterey Bay (California, USA). Approximately five weeks after initial seafloor CO2 release, in situ incubations of the live-dead indicator CellTracker Green were executed within seafloor-emplaced pushcores. Experimental treatments included direct exposure to CO2 hydrate, two levels of lesser exposure adjacent to CO2 hydrate, and controls, which were far removed from the CO2 hydrate release. Results indicate that survivorship rates of agglutinated and thecate foraminifera were not significantly impacted by direct exposure but the survivorship of calcareous foraminifera was significantly lower in direct exposure treatments compared to controls. Observations suggest that, if large scale CO2 sequestration is enacted on the deep-sea floor, survival of two major groups of this prevalent protistan taxon will likely not be severely impacted, while calcareous foraminifera will face considerable challenges to maintain their benthic populations in areas directly exposed to CO2 hydrate.
Author Posting. © The Authors, 2009. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Blackwell for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Global Change Biology 15 (2009): 2078-2088, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01822.x.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Klein, Frieder; McCollom, Thomas M. (2013-08)We injected a CO2-rich hydrous fluid of seawater chlorinity into an ongoing, mildly reducing (H2(aq) ≈ 3 mmol/kg) serpentinization experiment at 230°C and 35 MPa to examine the changes in fluid chemistry and mineralogy ...
The role of biological production in pleistocene atmospheric carbon dioxide variations and the nitrogen isotope dynamics of the southern ocean Sigman, Daniel M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-09)This dissertation contributes to the search for a cause of glacial/interglacial variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide. The hypotheses addressed involve changes in low and high-latitude biological export production. A ...
Consequences of considering carbon–nitrogen interactions on the feedbacks between climate and the terrestrial carbon cycle Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kicklighter, David W.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Felzer, Benjamin S.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Cronin, Timothy W. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-08-01)The impact of carbon–nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems on the interaction between the carbon cycle and climate is studied using an earth system model of intermediate complexity, the MIT Integrated Global Systems ...