Benthic foraminifera living in Gulf of Mexico bathyal and abyssal sediments : community analysis and comparison to metazoan meiofaunal biomass and density
Bernhard, Joan M.
Sen Gupta, Barun K.
Baguley, Jeffrey G.
MetadataShow full item record
Benthic foraminiferal biomass, density, and species composition were determined at ten sites in the Gulf of Mexico. During June 2001 and June 2002, sediment samples were collected with a GoMex boxcorer. A 7.5-cm diameter subcore was taken from a box core collected at each site and sliced into 1-cm or 2-cm sections to a depth of 2 or 3 cm; the >63-mm fraction was examined shipboard for benthic foraminifera. Individual foraminifers were extracted for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) using a luciferin-luciferase assay, which indicated the total ATP content per specimen; that data was converted to organic carbon. Foraminiferal biomass and density varied substantially (~2-53 mg C m-2; ~3,600-44,500 individuals m-2, respectively) and inconsistently with water depth. For example, although two ~1000-m deep sites were geographically separated by only ~75 km, the foraminiferal biomass at one site was relatively low (~9 mg C m-2) while the other site had the highest foraminiferal biomass (~53 mg C m-2). Although most samples from Sigsbee Plain (>3000 m) had low biomass, one Sigsbee site had >20 mg foraminiferal C m-2. The foraminiferal community from all sites (i.e., bathyal and abyssal locales) was dominated by agglutinated, rather than calcareous or tectinous, species. Foraminiferal density never exceeded that of metazoan meiofauna at any site. Foraminiferal biomass, however, exceeded metazoan meiofaunal biomass at five of the ten sites, indicating that foraminifera constitute a major component of the Gulf’s deep-water meiofaunal biomass.
Author Posting. © Elsevier B.V., 2008. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 55 (2008): 2617-2626, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.07.011.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The sediments of the western Gulf of Mexico. I. The continental terrace of the western Gulf of Mexico : its surface sediments, origin, and development. II. Chemical studies of sediments of the western Gulf of Mexico Stetson, Henry C.; Trask, Parker D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1953-05)In 1947 the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution organized an expedition to investigate the bottom sediments and oceanography of the northwest Gulf of Mexico. The Geological Society of America contributed to the support ...
The distribution of benthic biomass in hadal trenches : a modelling approach to investigate the effect of vertical and lateral organic matter transport to the seafloor Ichino, Matteo C.; Clark, Malcolm R.; Drazen, Jeffrey C.; Jamieson, Alan; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Martin, Adrian P.; Rowden, Ashley A.; Shank, Timothy M.; Yancey, Paul H.; Ruhl, Henry A. (Elsevier, 2015-02-19)Most of our knowledge about deep-sea habitats is limited to bathyal (200–3000 m) and abyssal depths (3000–6000 m), while relatively little is known about the hadal zone (6000–11,000 m). The basic paradigm for the distribution ...
Nelson, James A.; Stallings, Christopher D.; Landing, William M.; Chanton, Jeffrey P. (2013-03-17)We evaluated the potential contribution of allochthonous biomass subsidies to the upper trophic levels of offshore food webs in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico (GOM). We made this evaluation considering nitrogen, an essential ...