Improved parametrization of Antarctic krill target strength models
Lawson, Gareth L.
Wiebe, Peter H.
Ashjian, Carin J.
Stanton, Timothy K.
MetadataShow full item record
There are historical discrepancies between empirical observations of Antarctic krill target strength and predictions using theoretical scattering models. These differences are addressed through improved understanding of key model parameters. The scattering process was modeled using the distorted-wave Born approximation, representing the shape of the animal as a bent and tapered cylinder. Recently published length-based regressions were used to constrain the sound speed and density contrasts between the animal and the surrounding seawater, rather than the earlier approach of using single values for all lengths. To constrain the parameter governing the orientation of the animal relative to the incident acoustic wave, direct measurements of the orientation of krill in situ were made with a video plankton recorder. In contrast to previous indirect and aquarium-based observations, krill were observed to orient themselves mostly horizontally. Averaging predicted scattering over the measured distribution of orientations resulted in predictions of target strength consistent with in situ measurements of target strength of large krill (mean length 40–43 mm) at four frequencies (43–420 kHz), but smaller than expected under the semi-empirical model traditionally used to estimate krill target strength.
Author Posting. © Acoustical Society of America, 2006. This article is posted here by permission of Acoustical Society of America for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 119 (2006): 232-242, doi:10.1121/1.2141229.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Stephen, Ralph A.; Bolmer, S. Thompson; Udovydchenkov, Ilya A.; Worcester, Peter F.; Dzieciuch, Matthew A.; Andrew, Rex K.; Mercer, James A.; Colosi, John A.; Howe, Bruce M. (Acoustical Society of America, 2013-10)Ocean bottom seismometer observations at 5000 m depth during the long-range ocean acoustic propagation experiment in the North Pacific in 2004 show robust, coherent, late arrivals that are not readily explained by ocean ...
Foote, Kenneth G.; Hastings, Mardi C.; Ketten, Darlene R.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Reidenberg, Joy S.; Rye, Kent (Acoustical Society of America, 2012-02)Potential physical effects of sonar transmissions on marine mammals were investigated by measuring pressure fields induced in a 119-kg, 211-cm-long, young adult male common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) cadaver. The specimen ...
Observationally constrained modeling of sound in curved ocean internal waves: Examination of deep ducting and surface ducting at short range Duda, Timothy F.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Reeder, D. Benjamin (Acoustical Society of America, 2011-09)A study of 400 Hz sound focusing and ducting effects in a packet of curved nonlinear internal waves in shallow water is presented. Sound propagation roughly along the crests of the waves is simulated with a three-dimensional ...