Conceptual models of the climate : 2003 program of study, Non-Newtonian geophysical fluid dynamics
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Non-Newtonian fluids occur commonly in our world. These fluids, such as toothpaste, saliva, oils, mud and lava, exhibit a number of behaviors that are different from Newtonian fluids and have a number of additional material properties. In general, these differences arise because the fluid has a microstructure that influences the flow. In section 2 we will present a collection of some of the interesting phenomena arising from flow nonlinearities, the inhibition of stretching, elastic effects and normal stresses. In section 3 we will discuss a variety of devices for measuring material properties, a process known as rheometry.
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Billen, Magali I.; Hirth, Greg (American Geophysical Union, 2005-10-08)The effect of rheology on the evolution of the slab-tip during subduction initiation is analyzed using 2-D numerical flow models. Experimentally determined flow laws have both strong temperature- and stress-dependence, ...
Geophysical fluid dynamics : notes on the 1960 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Spiegel, E. A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1960)