Dendritic signals from rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons during coincident pre- and post-synaptic activity : a combined voltage- and calcium-imaging study
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The non-linear and spatially inhomogeneous interactions of dendritic membrane potential signals that represent the first step in the induction of activity dependent long-term synaptic plasticity are not fully understood, particularly in dendritic regions which are beyond the reach of electrode measurements. We combined voltage-sensitive-dye recordings and Ca2+-imaging of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons to study large regions of the dendritic arbor, including branches of small diameter (distal apical and oblique dendrites). Dendritic membrane potential transients were monitored at high spatial resolution and correlated with supra-linear [Ca2+]i changes during one cycle of a repetitive patterned stimulation protocol that typically results in the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). While the increase in the peak membrane depolarization during coincident pre- and post-synaptic activity was required for the induction of supra-linear [Ca2+]i-signals shown to be necessary for LTP, the change in the baseline-to-peak amplitude of the backpropagating dendritic action potential (bAP) was not critical in this process. At different dendritic locations, the baseline-to-peak amplitude of the bAP could be either increased, decreased or unaltered at sites where EPSP-AP pairing evoked supra-linear summation of [Ca2+]i-transients. We suggest that modulations in the bAP baseline-to- peak amplitude by local EPSPs act as a mechanism that brings the membrane potential into the optimal range for Ca2+-influx through NMDA receptors (0 to -15 mV); this may require either boosting or the reduction of the bAP, depending on the initial size of both signals.
Author Posting. © The Authors, 2006. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Physiological Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Physiology 580 (2007): 463-484, doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2006.125005.