Comparison of two methods to identify live benthic foraminifera : a test between Rose Bengal and CellTracker Green with implications for stable isotope paleoreconstructions
Bernhard, Joan M.
Ostermann, Dorinda R.
Williams, David S.
Blanks, Jessica K.
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The conventional method to distinguish live from dead benthic foraminifers uses Rose Bengal, a stain that reacts with both live and dead cytoplasm. CellTracker Green CMFDA is a fluorogenic probe causing live cells to fluoresce after proper incubation. To determine the more accurate viability method, we conducted a direct comparison of Rose Bengal staining with CellTracker Green labeling. Eight multicore tops were analyzed from Florida Margin (SE United States; 248-751 m water depths), near Great Bahama Bank (259-766 m), and off the Carolinas (SE United States; 220 m, 920 m). On average, less than half the Rose Bengal-stained foraminifera were actually living when collected. Thus, while Rose Bengal can significantly overestimate abundance, combined analyses of CellTracker Green and Rose Bengal can provide insights on population dynamics and effects of episodic events. Initial stable isotope analyses indicate that the CellTracker Green method does not significantly affect these important paleoceanographic proxies.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2006. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography, 21 (2006): PA4210, doi:10.1029/2006PA001290.
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