Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • Multifaceted impacts of the stony coral Porites astreoides on picoplankton abundance and community composition 

    McNally, Sean; Parsons, Rachel J.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Apprill, Amy (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-10-12)
    Picoplankton foster essential recycling of nutrients in the oligotrophic waters sustaining coral reef ecosystems. Despite this fact, there is a paucity of data on how the specific interactions between corals and planktonic ...
  • Capturing dynamics of marine inorganic carbon fluxes from diurnal to decadal timescales 

    Chu, Sophie N. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    The marine carbon cycle plays an important role in regulating Earth’s climate. The vastness of the open ocean and the large variability in the coastal ocean provide obstacles to accurately quantify storage and transport ...
  • Global Carbon Budget 2016 

    Le Quere, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie M.; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen P.; Manning, Andrew C.; Boden, Thomas A.; Tans, Pieter P.; Houghton, Richard A.; Keeling, Ralph F.; Alin, Simone R.; Andrews, Oliver D.; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise Parsons; Ciais, Philippe; Currie, Kim I.; Delire, Christine; Doney, Scott C.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Haverd, Vanessa; Hoppema, Mario; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Jain, Atul K.; Kato, Etsushi; Körtzinger, Arne; Landschützer, Peter; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Melton, Joe R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank J.; Monteiro, Pedro M. S.; Munro, David R.; Nabel, Julia E. M. S.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Omar, Abdirahman M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rödenbeck, Christian; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jorg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid; van der Werf, Guido R.; Viovy, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sonke (Copernicus Publications, 2016-11-14)
    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
  • Dark production of extracellular superoxide by the coral Porites astreoides and representative symbionts 

    Zhang, Tong; Diaz, Julia M.; Brighi, Caterina; Parsons, Rachel J; McNally, Sean; Apprill, Amy; Hansel, Colleen M. (Frontiers Media, 2016-11-24)
    The reactive oxygen species (ROS) superoxide has been implicated in both beneficial and detrimental processes in coral biology, ranging from pathogenic disease resistance to coral bleaching. Despite the critical role of ...
  • Prediction of the export and fate of global ocean net primary production : the EXPORTS Science Plan 

    Siegel, David A.; Buesseler, Ken O.; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Brzezinski, Mark A.; Burd, Adrian B.; Carlson, Craig A.; D'Asaro, Eric A.; Doney, Scott C.; Perry, Mary J.; Stanley, Rachel H. R.; Steinberg, Deborah K. (Frontiers Media, 2016-03-08)
    Ocean ecosystems play a critical role in the Earth's carbon cycle and the quantification of their impacts for both present conditions and for predictions into the future remains one of the greatest challenges in oceanography. ...
  • Arctic deltaic lake sediments as recorders of fluvial organic matter deposition 

    Vonk, Jorien E.; Dickens, Angela F.; Giosan, Liviu; Hussain, Zainab A.; Kim, Bokyung; Zipper, Samuel C.; Holmes, Robert M.; Montlucon, Daniel B.; Galy, Valier; Eglinton, Timothy I. (Frontiers Media, 2016-08-17)
    Arctic deltas are dynamic and vulnerable regions that play a key role in land-ocean interactions and the global carbon cycle. Delta lakes may provide valuable historical records of the quality and quantity of fluvial fluxes, ...
  • Structural characterization of natural nickel and copper binding ligands along the US GEOTRACES Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect 

    Boiteau, Rene M.; Till, Claire P.; Ruacho, Angel; Bundy, Randelle M.; Hawco, Nicholas J.; McKenna, Amy M.; Barbeau, Katherine A.; Bruland, Kenneth W.; Saito, Mak A.; Repeta, Daniel J. (Frontiers Media, 2016-11-30)
    Organic ligands form strong complexes with many trace elements in seawater. Various metals can compete for the same ligand chelation sites, and the final speciation of bound metals is determined by relative binding affinities, ...
  • Iron-binding ligands in the Southern California Current System : mechanistic studies 

    Bundy, Randelle M.; Jiang, Mingshun; Carter, Melissa; Barbeau, Katherine A. (Frontiers Media, 2016-03-15)
    The distributions of dissolved iron and organic iron-binding ligands were examined in water column profiles and deckboard incubation experiments in the southern California Current System (sCCS) along a transition from ...
  • Geochemical controls on the distribution and composition of biogenic and sedimentary carbon 

    Estes, Emily R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    Organic carbon (OC) preserved in marine sediments acts as a reduced carbon sink that balances the global carbon cycle. Understanding the biogeochemical mechanisms underpinning the balance between OC preservation and ...
  • Optical dignatures of dissolved organic matter transformation in the global ocean 

    Nelson, Norman B.; Gauglitz, Julia M. (Frontiers Media, 2016-01-07)
    Characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in terms of its composition and optical properties, with an eye toward ultimately understanding its deep ocean dynamics, is the currently active frontier in DOM research. ...
  • Evidence for strain-specific exometabolomic responses of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi to grazing by the dinoflagellate oxyrrhis marina 

    Poulson-Ellestad, Kelsey L.; Harvey, Elizabeth L.; Johnson, Matthew D.; Mincer, Tracy J. (Frontiers Media, 2016-01-28)
    The coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi forms massive blooms and plays a critical role in global elemental cycles, sequestering significant amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide on geological time scales via production of ...
  • Sponge exhalent seawater contains a unique chemical profile of dissolved organic matter 

    Fiore, Cara L.; Freeman, Christopher J.; Kujawinski, Elizabeth B. (PeerJ, 2017-01-11)
    Sponges are efficient filter feeders, removing significant portions of particulate and dissolved organic matter (POM, DOM) from the water column. While the assimilation and respiration of POM and DOM by sponges and their ...
  • Trace elements at the intersection of marine biological and geochemical evolution 

    Robbins, Leslie J.; Lalonde, Stefan V.; Planavsky, Noah J.; Partin, Camille A.; Reinhard, Christopher T.; Kendall, Brian; Scott, Clint; Hardisty, Dalton S.; Gill, Benjamin C.; Alessi, Daniel S.; Dupont, Christopher L.; Saito, Mak A.; Crowe, Sean A.; Poulton, Simon W.; Bekker, Andrey; Lyons, Timothy W.; Konhauser, Kurt O. (2016-10)
    Life requires a wide variety of bioessential trace elements to act as structural components and reactive centers in metalloenzymes. These requirements differ between organisms and have evolved over geological time, likely ...
  • Quantitative transcriptomics reveals the growth- and nutrient-dependent response of a streamlined marine methylotroph to methanol and naturally occurring dissolved organic matter 

    Gifford, Scott M.; Becker, Jamie W.; Sosa, Oscar A.; Repeta, Daniel J.; DeLong, Edward F. (American Society for Microbiology, 2016-11-22)
    The members of the OM43 clade of Betaproteobacteria are abundant coastal methylotrophs with a range of carbon-utilizing capabilities. However, their underlying transcriptional and metabolic responses to shifting conditions ...
  • Endozoicomonas genomes reveal functional adaptation and plasticity in bacterial strains symbiotically associated with diverse marine hosts 

    Neave, Matthew J.; Michell, Craig T.; Apprill, Amy; Voolstra, Christian R. (Nature Publishig Group, 2017-01-17)
    Endozoicomonas bacteria are globally distributed and often abundantly associated with diverse marine hosts including reef-building corals, yet their function remains unknown. In this study we generated novel Endozoicomonas ...
  • Optimization of DNA extraction for advancing coral microbiota investigations 

    Weber, Laura; DeForce, Emelia A.; Apprill, Amy (BioMed Central, 2017-02-08)
    We designed a two-phase study in order to propose a comprehensive and efficient method for DNA extraction from microbial cells present in corals and investigate if extraction method influences microbial community composition. ...
  • The remineralization of marine organic matter by diverse biological and abiotic processes 

    Collins, James R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    While aerobic respiration is typically invoked as the dominant mass-balance sink for organic matter in the upper ocean, many other biological and abiotic processes can degrade particulate and dissolved substrates on ...
  • Coastal ocean and shelf-sea biogeochemical cycling of trace elements and isotopes : lessons learned from GEOTRACES 

    Charette, Matthew A.; Lam, Phoebe J.; Lohan, Maeve C.; Kwon, Eun Young; Hatje, Vanessa; Jeandel, Catherine; Shiller, Alan M.; Cutter, Gregory A.; Thomas, Alex; Boyd, Philip; Homoky, William B.; Milne, Angela; Thomas, Helmuth; Andersson, Per S.; Porcelli, Don; Tanaka, Takahiro; Geibert, Walter; Dehairs, Frank; Garcia-Orellana, Jordi (The Royal Society, 2016-10-17)
    Continental shelves and shelf seas play a central role in the global carbon cycle. However, their importance with respect to trace element and isotope (TEI) inputs to ocean basins is less well understood. Here, we present ...
  • Integrating comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and downhole fluid analysis to validate a spill-fill sequence of reservoirs with variations of biodegradation, water washing and thermal maturity 

    Forsythe, Jerimiah C.; Martin, Robin; De Santo, Ilaria; Tyndall, Richard; Arman, Kate; Pye, Jonathan; De Nicolais, Nelly; Nelson, Robert K.; Pomerantz, Andrew E.; Kenyon-Roberts, Stephen; Zuo, Julian Y.; Betancourt, Soraya S.; Reddy, Christopher M.; Peters, Kenneth E.; Mullins, Oliver C. (2016-09)
    Optimization of crude oil production depends heavily on crude oil composition and its variation within individual reservoirs and across multiple reservoirs. In particular, asphaltene content has an enormous impact on crude ...
  • Evidence for microbial mediation of subseafloor nitrogen redox processes at Loihi Seamount, Hawaii 

    Sylvan, Jason B.; Wankel, Scott D.; LaRowe, Douglas E.; Charoenpong, Chawalit N.; Huber, Julie A.; Moyer, Craig L.; Edwards, Katrina J. (2016-10-24)
    The role of nitrogen cycling in submarine hydrothermal systems is far less studied than that of other biologically reactive elements such as sulfur and iron. In order to address this knowledge gap, we investigated nitrogen ...

View more