Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • A three-dimensional mapping of the ocean based on environmental data 

    Sayre, Roger; Wright, Dawn J.; Breyer, Sean P.; Butler, Kevin A.; Van Graafeiland, Keith; Costello, Mark J.; Harris, Peter T.; Goodin, Kathleen L.; Guinotte, John M.; Basher, Zeenatul; Kavanaugh, Maria T.; Halpin, Patrick N.; Monaco, Mark E.; Cressie, Noel; Aniello, Peter; Frye, Charles E.; Stephens, Drew (The Oceanography Society, 2017-03)
    The existence, sources, distribution, circulation, and physicochemical nature of macroscale oceanic water bodies have long been a focus of oceanographic inquiry. Building on that work, this paper describes an objectively ...
  • Site-specific variation in gene expression from Symbiodinium spp. associated with offshore and inshore Porites astreoides in the lower Florida Keys is lost with bleaching and disease stress 

    Salas, Briana Hauff; Haslun, Joshua A.; Strychar, Kevin B.; Ostrom, Peggy H.; Cervino, James M. (Public Library of Science, 2017-03-29)
    Scleractinian coral are experiencing unprecedented rates of mortality due to increases in sea surface temperatures in response to global climate change. Some coral species however, survive high temperature events due to a ...
  • Geodynamic implications for zonal and meridional isotopic patterns across the northern Lau and North Fiji Basins 

    Price, Allison A.; Jackson, Matthew G.; Blichert-Toft, Janne; Kurz, Mark D.; Gill, James B.; Blusztajn, Jerzy S.; Jenner, Frances; Brens, Raul; Arculus, Richard J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-17)
    We present new Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf-He isotopic data for 65 volcanic samples from the northern Lau and North Fiji Basins. This includes 47 lavas obtained from 40 dredge sites spanning an east-west transect across the Lau and North ...
  • Relevance of carbon stocks of marine sediments for national greenhouse gas inventories of maritime nations 

    Avelar, Silvania; van der Voort, Tessa S.; Eglinton, Timothy I. (Springer, 2017-05-10)
    Determining national carbon stocks is essential in the framework of ongoing climate change mitigation actions. Presently, assessment of carbon stocks in the context of greenhouse gas (GHG)-reporting on a nation-by-nation ...
  • Assessing the blank carbon contribution, isotope mass balance, and kinetic isotope fractionation of the Ramped Pyrolysis/Oxidation instrument at NOSAMS 

    Hemingway, Jordon D.; Galy, Valier; Gagnon, Alan R.; Grant, Katherine E.; Rosengard, Sarah Z.; Soulet, Guillaume; Zigah, Prosper; McNichol, Ann P. (2017-03)
    We estimate the blank carbon mass over the course of a typical Ramped PyrOx (RPO) analysis (150 to 1000 °C; 5 °C×min-1) to be (3.7 ± 0.6) μg C with an Fm value of 0.555 ± 0.042 and a δ13C value of (-29.0 ± 0.1) ‰ VPDB. ...
  • Constraining the sources and cycling of dissolved organic carbon in a large oligotrophic lake using radiocarbon analyses 

    Zigah, Prosper; Minor, Elizabeth C.; McNichol, Ann P.; Xu, Li; Werne, Josef P. (2017-03)
    We measured the concentrations and isotopic compositions of solid phase extracted (SPE) dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and high molecular weight (HMW) DOC and their constituent organic components in order to better ...
  • Impact of recently upwelled water on productivity investigated using in situ and incubation-based methods in Monterey Bay 

    Manning, Cara C.; Stanley, Rachel H. R.; Nicholson, David P.; Smith, Jason M.; Pennington, Timothy; Fewings, Melanie R.; Squibb, Michael E.; Chavez, Francisco P. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-11)
    Photosynthetic conversion of inline image to organic carbon and the transport of this carbon from the surface to the deep ocean is an important regulator of atmospheric inline image. To understand the controls on carbon ...
  • Created mangrove wetlands store belowground carbon and surface elevation change enables them to adjust to sea-level rise 

    Krauss, Ken W.; Cormier, Nicole; Osland, Michael J.; Kirwan, Matthew L.; Stagg, Camille L.; Nestlerode, Janet A.; Russell, Marc J.; From, Andrew S.; Spivak, Amanda C.; Dantin, Darrin D.; Harvey, James E.; Almario, Alejandro E. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-04-21)
    Mangrove wetlands provide ecosystem services for millions of people, most prominently by providing storm protection, food and fodder. Mangrove wetlands are also valuable ecosystems for promoting carbon (C) sequestration ...
  • Neodymium isotopes and concentrations in aragonitic scleractinian cold-water coral skeletons - modern calibration and evaluation of palaeo-applications 

    Struve, Torben; van de Flierdt, Tina; Burke, Andrea; Robinson, Laura F.; Hammond, Samantha J.; Crocket, Kirsty C.; Bradtmiller, Louisa I.; Auro, Maureen E.; Mohamed, Kais J.; White, Nicholas J. (Elsevier, 2017-01-27)
    Cold-water corals (CWCs) are unique archives of mid-depth ocean chemistry and have been used successfully to reconstruct the neodymium (Nd) isotopic composition of seawater from a number of species. High and variable Nd ...
  • Utility of Rn-222 as a passive tracer of subglacial distributed system drainage 

    Linhoff, Benjamin S.; Charette, Matthew A.; Nienow, Peter W.; Wadham, Jemma L.; Tedstone, Andrew; Cowton, Thomas (Elsevier, 2017-01-23)
    Water flow beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) has been shown to include slow-inefficient (distributed) and fast-efficient (channelized) drainage systems, in response to meltwater delivery to the bed via both moulins ...
  • Tripod modification of sphincter corer : construction, operation, core extrusion and sampling efficiency 

    Burke, John C.; Hamblin, Robert E.; Casso, Susan A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-09)
    A 21-cm diameter sphincter corer (Burke, 1968) has been modified by mounting it in a tripod frame. This modification results in more dependable recovery of undisturbed surficial sediment and greater penetration into ...
  • Fatty acids and fatty acid esters of particulate matter collected in sediment traps in the Peru upwelling area R/V Knorr Cruise 73, February/March 1978 

    Wakeham, Stuart G.; Livramento, Joaquim B.; Farrington, John W. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-09)
    Particulate matter samples were collected using free-drifting sediment traps in the Peru upwelling area in 1978 to assess the vertical flux and organic composition of lipids associated with particles sinking out of ...
  • Differential specificity between closely related corals and abundant Endozoicomonas endosymbionts across global scales 

    Neave, Matthew J.; Rachmawati, Rita; Xun, Liping; Michell, Craig T.; Bourne, David G.; Apprill, Amy; Voolstra, Christian R. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-07-08)
    Reef-building corals are well regarded not only for their obligate association with endosymbiotic algae, but also with prokaryotic symbionts, the specificity of which remains elusive. To identify the central microbial ...
  • Phosphorus dynamics in biogeochemically distinct regions of the southeast subtropical Pacific Ocean 

    Duhamel, Solange; Björkman, Karin M.; Repeta, Daniel J.; Karl, David M. (Elsevier, 2016-12-29)
    The southeast subtropical Pacific Ocean was sampled along a zonal transect between the coasts of Chile and Easter Island. This remote area of the world’s ocean presents strong gradients in physical (e.g., temperature, ...
  • Seasonal controls of aragonite saturation states in the Gulf of Maine 

    Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Lawson, Gareth L.; Pilskaln, Cynthia H.; Maas, Amy E. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-22)
    The Gulf of Maine (GoME) is a shelf region especially vulnerable to ocean acidification (OA) due to natural conditions of low pH and aragonite saturation states (Ω-Ar). This study is the first to assess the major oceanic ...
  • Influence of biological carbon export on ocean carbon uptake over the annual cycle across the North Pacific Ocean 

    Palevsky, Hilary I.; Quay, Paul D. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-21)
    We evaluate the influences of biological carbon export, physical circulation, and temperature-driven solubility changes on air-sea CO2 flux across the North Pacific basin (35°N–50°N, 142°E–125°W) throughout the full annual ...
  • Interactions between land use change and carbon cycle feedbacks 

    Mahowald, Natalie M.; Randerson, James T.; Lindsay, Keith; Munoz, Ernesto; Doney, Scott C.; Lawrence, Peter; Schlunegger, Sarah; Ward, Daniel S.; Lawrence, David; Hoffman, Forrest M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-23)
    Using the Community Earth System Model, we explore the role of human land use and land cover change (LULCC) in modifying the terrestrial carbon budget in simulations forced by Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5, ...
  • Multifaceted impacts of the stony coral Porites astreoides on picoplankton abundance and community composition 

    McNally, Sean; Parsons, Rachel J.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Apprill, Amy (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-10-12)
    Picoplankton foster essential recycling of nutrients in the oligotrophic waters sustaining coral reef ecosystems. Despite this fact, there is a paucity of data on how the specific interactions between corals and planktonic ...
  • Capturing dynamics of marine inorganic carbon fluxes from diurnal to decadal timescales 

    Chu, Sophie N. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    The marine carbon cycle plays an important role in regulating Earth’s climate. The vastness of the open ocean and the large variability in the coastal ocean provide obstacles to accurately quantify storage and transport ...
  • Global Carbon Budget 2016 

    Le Quere, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie M.; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen P.; Manning, Andrew C.; Boden, Thomas A.; Tans, Pieter P.; Houghton, Richard A.; Keeling, Ralph F.; Alin, Simone R.; Andrews, Oliver D.; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise Parsons; Ciais, Philippe; Currie, Kim I.; Delire, Christine; Doney, Scott C.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Haverd, Vanessa; Hoppema, Mario; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Jain, Atul K.; Kato, Etsushi; Körtzinger, Arne; Landschützer, Peter; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Melton, Joe R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank J.; Monteiro, Pedro M. S.; Munro, David R.; Nabel, Julia E. M. S.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Omar, Abdirahman M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rödenbeck, Christian; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jorg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid; van der Werf, Guido R.; Viovy, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sonke (Copernicus Publications, 2016-11-14)
    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...

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